Theory of Knowledge
What is Theory of Knowledge (TOK)?
Theory of knowledge plays a special role in the IB Diploma Program by providing an opportunity for students to reflect on the nature of knowledge and on how we know what we claim to know.
As a thoughtful and purposeful inquiry into different ways of knowing, and into different kinds of knowledge, TOK is composed almost entirely of questions. The most central of these is "How do we know?" Through discussion of this and other questions, students gain greater awareness of their personal and ideological assumptions as well as developing an appreciation of the diversity and richness of cultural perspectives.
TOK aims to make students aware of the interpretative nature of knowledge, including personal ideological biases – whether these biases are retained, revised or rejected.
It offers students and their teachers the opportunity to:
- Reflect critically on diverse ways of knowing and on areas of knowledge
- Consider the role and nature of knowledge in their own culture, in the cultures of others and in the wider world.
In addition, TOK prompts students to:
- Be aware of themselves as thinkers, encouraging them to become more acquainted with the complexity of knowledge
- Recognize the need to act responsibly in an increasingly interconnected but uncertain world.